A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands
This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.
The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.
SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).
PAPGREN coordination and support
Mr William Wigmore
Mr Adelino S. Lorens
Dr Lois Englberger
Mr Apisai Ucuboi
Dr Maurice Wong
Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
Mr Frederick Muller
Mr Herman Francisco
Ms Rosa Kambuou
Ms Laisene Samuelu
Mr Jimi Saelea
Mr Tony Jansen
Mr Finao Pole
Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
Interested in GIS?
Sunday, January 19, 2003
Posted 12:20 PM by Luigi
Information on a project on breadfruit in the Marshall Islands.
In the breadfruit we have one of the planet's great food producers in its realm. Artocarpus altilis is widely known through its romanticized name and dramatized history.
The breadfruit tree is native to a large Pacific Ocean area extending from New Guinea through the Indo-Malayan Archipelago to Western Micronesia. It was widely spread in the Pacific area by migrating Polynesians, and Hawaiians believe it was brought from the Samoa to Oahu in the 12th Century A.D. Breadfruit was first seen by Europeans in the Marquesas in 1595, then in Tahiti in 1606. At the beginning of the 18th Century, the early English explorers were loud in its praises, and its fame, together with several periods of famine in Jamaica between 1780 and 1786, inspired plantation owners in the British West Indies to petition King George III to import seedless breadfruit trees to provide food for their slaves. The ill-fated journey of the H.M.S. Bounty ("Mutiny on the Bounty") was one such breadfruit importation endeavor.
A 1921reports lists 200 cultivars of breadfruit in the Marquesas. In a 1966 South Pacific Commission report, there were described 166 named sorts of breadfruit from Tonga, Niue, Western and American Samoa, Papua and New Guinea, New Hebrides, Rotuma and Fiji.
Like the banana and plantain, the breadfruit may be eaten ripe as a fruit or under ripe as a vegetable. For the latter purpose, it is picked while still starchy and is boiled or, in the traditional Pacific Island fashion, roasted in an underground oven on pre-heated rocks. Sometimes it is cored and stuffed with coconut before roasting. Malayans peel firm-ripe fruits, slice the pulp and fry it in syrup or palm sugar until it is crisp and brown
A current project in the Marshall Islands reports great success is being achieved in the grafting of the breadfruit cultivars. The USDA approved project (Hatch) is progressing well in collaboration with Ministry of Resources and Development, RMI. Agriculture researchers Dr. Dilip Nandwani along with Research Aid Arwan Soson and Extension agent Jabukja Aikne have been working on this project since last year. Project activities begun with the installation of the field facility at the Marshall Islands Science Station (MISS). Germplasm of more than dozen varieties have been collected and being propagated vegetatively by nursery techniques. Currently, over 500 healthy rootstocks are growing in Betaktak, Mejwan, Mejenwe and several others cultivars. The major breakthrough in the program was achieved recently. Two different varieties of breadfruit were successfully grafted. Several new objectives including distribution of grafted plants to growers’ community and in outer islands are proposed in research plan of phase II of this project.
Local Marshallese breadfruit will be featured at the Taste of the Marshalls event May 9 at Outrigger Marshall Islands Resort.
* Comments:Post a Comment
Agrobiodiversity Weblog: For discussions of conservation and sustainable use of the genetic resources of crops, livestock and their wild relatives.