A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer

Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands



This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.

The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.

SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).




PAPGREN coordination and support

  • CTA
  • SPC
  • CEPaCT

     genebank locations
    Click on the thumbnail to see a map of the locations of Pacific genebanks. Click here to download a regional directory of genebanks in the Pacific, including information on their location, contact details and holdings.

    PAPGREN partners

    Mr William Wigmore
    Director of Research
    Ministry of Agriculture
    Department of Resources & Development
    P.O. Box 96
    Cook Islands
    Tel: (682) 28711-29720
    Fax: (682) 21881
    Email: cimoa@oyster.net.ck

    Mr Adelino S. Lorens
    Agriculture Pohnpei
    Office of Economic Affairs
    P.O. Box 1028
    Pohnpei 96941
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Tel: (691) 3202400
    Fax: (691) 3202127
    Email: pniagriculture@mail.fm

    Dr Lois Englberger
    Island Food Community of Pohnpei
    Research Advisor
    P.O. Box 2299
    Pohnpei 96941
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Email: nutrition@mail.fm

    Mr Apisai Ucuboi
    Director of Research
    Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forest
    Koronivia Research Station
    P.O. Box 77
    Fiji Islands
    Tel: (679) 3477044
    Fax: (679) 3477546-400262
    Email: apisainu@yahoo.com

    Dr Maurice Wong
    Service du Developpement Rural
    B.P. 100
    Tahiti 98713
    French Polynesia
    Tel: (689) 42 81 44
    Fax: (689) 42 08 31
    Email: maurice.wong@rural.gov.pf

    Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
    Head, Research Section
    Division of Agriculture
    Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development
    P.O. Box 267
    Tel: (686) 28096-28108-28080
    Fax: (686) 28121
    Email : agriculture@tskl.net.ki; Beenna_ti@yahoo.com

    Mr Frederick Muller
    Ministry of Resources & Development
    P.O. Box 1727
    Majuro 96960
    Marshall Islands
    Tel: (692) 6253206
    Fax: (692) 6257471
    Email: rndsec@ntamar.net

    Mr Herman Francisco
    Bureau of Agriculture
    Ministry of Resources & Development
    P.O. Box 460
    Koror 96940
    Tel: (680) 4881517
    Fax: (680) 4881725
    Email: bnrd@pnccwg.palaunet.com

    Ms Rosa Kambuou
    Principal Scientist PGR
    NARI Dry Lowlands Programme
    Laloki Agricultural Research Station
    P.O. Box 1828
    National Capital District
    Papua New Guinea
    Tel: (675) 3235511
    Fax: (675) 3234733
    Email: kambuou@global.net.pg

    Ms Laisene Samuelu
    Principal Crop Development Officer
    Crops Division
    Ministry of Agriculture, Forests, Fisheries & Meteorology
    P.O. Box 1874
    Tel: (685) 23416-20605
    Fax: (685) 20607-23996
    Email: lsamuelu@lesamoa.net

    Mr Jimi Saelea
    Director of Research
    Department of Agriculture and Livestock
    P.O. Box G13
    Solomon Islands
    Tel: (677) 27987

    Mr Tony Jansen
    Planting Materials Network
    Kastom Gaden Association
    Burns Creek, Honiara
    P.O. Box 742
    Solomon Islands
    Tel: (677) 39551
    Email: kastomgaden@solomon.com.sb

    Mr Finao Pole
    Head of Research
    Ministry of Agriculture & Forests
    P.O. Box 14
    Tel: (676) 23038
    Fax: (676) 24271
    Email: thaangana@hotmail.com

    Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
    Head of Research
    Department of Agriculture & Rural Development
    Private Mail Bag 040
    Port Vila
    Tel: (678) 22525
    Fax: (678) 25265
    Email: flehi@hotmail.com

    Other links

    Other CROP agencies
    Forum Secretariat
    University of the South Pacific

    Pacific biodiversity
    Biodiversity hotspots
    Breadfruit Institute
    Hawaiian native plants
    Intellectual property rights
    Nature Conservancy
    WWF South Pacific Program

    Other Pacific organizations
    Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific
    Micronesian Seminar
    Te Puna web directory

    Pacific news
    Cafe Pacific
    CocoNET Wireless
    Island Directory
    Pacific Islands News
    Pacific Islands Report
    Pacific Islands Travel
    Pacific Time
    South Pacific travel
    Time Pacific

    Interested in GIS?



    Tuesday, February 01, 2005

    More on cassava in Nigeria


    Taking advantage of investment potentials of cassava

    Nigeria is the world's largest producer of cassava, but not a significant player in the cassava export market. Thailand, a country that lags behind Nigeria in field production of cassava is the largest exporter of cassava products mainly in the form of chips and pellets for animal feed.

    Nigeria has so far been unable to develop competitive cassava - based industry because of high cost of tubers. However, with the agricultural programmes being pursued by the federal and state governments with support from development partners, yield per hectare will increase by as much as 300%, which will reduce cost of tubers by as much as one third, thereby making raw cassava tubers as competitive as in other cassava exporting countries.

    Cassava tubers, easy to grow, tolerant of neglect, thriving in some of the least friendly soil and climatic environments, take a minimum of twelve (12) months to germinate after planting. However, some newer varieties, though still on trial, geminates between 9 - 10 months. Average yield in the country is around 15 ton/ha; however current research efforts may increase this to about 40/50 ton/ha.

    Cassava has two seasons in Nigeria: wet season, which runs from March/April to October/November every year; and the dry season cassava, which runs from November/December to February/March of the following year. Cassava tubers are grown in commercial quantities in the rain forest zones of Anambra, Edo, Imo, Delta, Cross Rivers, Ebonyi, Enugu, Bayelsa, Akwa - Ibom, Osun, Oyo, Kogi etc. At the time of this report, price of a ton of tuber goes for between N5, 000 - N5, 500. Prices are usually favorable to the processor during the wet season but appreciate during dry season due to difficulty in harvesting.

    Processors adopt a variety of methods to procure tubers to feed their plants. The following approaches are generally employed:
    • They buy from farmers in baskets during harvest
    • They negotiate, harvest and pay for tubers from external farms directly
    • They give local purchase orders to agents to supply tubers directly to the factory; and
    • They procure tubers from their own farms
    Cassava consists of 60 to 70% water. Processing it into a dry form reduces the moisture content and converts it into a more durable and stable product with less volume, which makes it more transportable. Processing is also necessary to eliminate or reduce the level of cyanide in cassava and to improve the palatability of the food products.

    In summary the objectives of cassava processing are to:
    • Reduce post harvest losses
    • Eliminate or reduce the cyanide content
    • Improve the taste of cassava products
    • Provide raw material for industries
    High Quality Cassava Flour (HQCF) is an important confectionary and bakery ingredient that can be used to replace wheat flour 100% in many industrial applications. Potential industrial users are those in the bread making, biscuit production, cardboard and plywood industries to mention a few. Also, those in shrimp feed, ice cream and noodles production could use it as raw material ingredient. Local technologies abound and requisite skills are available for the production of Flour from both sweet and bitter varieties of cassava tubers.

    Decision to embark on this project is informed by the following principal reasons.

    Firstly, there is abundant supply of cassava in the country: Nigeria presently is the largest producer in the world, producing 33 million tons annually.

    Secondly, besides availability of cassava, there is a strong real and potential demand for products of cassava. For instance, the decision by flour millers following a Federal Government directive, to add 10% cassava flour to wheat flour in the preparation of baking flour has created new demand for cassava flour and strong rationale to embank on this project.

    Thirdly, government is set to support the cassava industry through provision of incentives and support measures that will enable government achieve its objectives and goals of job creation and poverty reduction. These incentives and supports will ultimately improve operating environment of the industry and contribute immensely to boost profitability of investment projects. Naturally, investment capital gravitates to areas with conducive operating environments, safety of investments and possibility of generating comparatively better returns on investment.

    Fourthly, the cassava industry is currently receiving much attention and support from Nigeria's development partners such as IFAD, UNDP, USAID, and IITA etc, thus making the industry attractive to private investors. These development partners are providing support through partnership with governments at the state and federal, and with multinationals, to build local capacity.

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    Agrobiodiversity Weblog: For discussions of conservation and sustainable use of the genetic resources of crops, livestock and their wild relatives.  

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