A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer

Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands



This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.

The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.

SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).




PAPGREN coordination and support

  • CTA
  • SPC
  • CEPaCT

     genebank locations
    Click on the thumbnail to see a map of the locations of Pacific genebanks. Click here to download a regional directory of genebanks in the Pacific, including information on their location, contact details and holdings.

    PAPGREN partners

    Mr William Wigmore
    Director of Research
    Ministry of Agriculture
    Department of Resources & Development
    P.O. Box 96
    Cook Islands
    Tel: (682) 28711-29720
    Fax: (682) 21881
    Email: cimoa@oyster.net.ck

    Mr Adelino S. Lorens
    Agriculture Pohnpei
    Office of Economic Affairs
    P.O. Box 1028
    Pohnpei 96941
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Tel: (691) 3202400
    Fax: (691) 3202127
    Email: pniagriculture@mail.fm

    Dr Lois Englberger
    Island Food Community of Pohnpei
    Research Advisor
    P.O. Box 2299
    Pohnpei 96941
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Email: nutrition@mail.fm

    Mr Apisai Ucuboi
    Director of Research
    Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forest
    Koronivia Research Station
    P.O. Box 77
    Fiji Islands
    Tel: (679) 3477044
    Fax: (679) 3477546-400262
    Email: apisainu@yahoo.com

    Dr Maurice Wong
    Service du Developpement Rural
    B.P. 100
    Tahiti 98713
    French Polynesia
    Tel: (689) 42 81 44
    Fax: (689) 42 08 31
    Email: maurice.wong@rural.gov.pf

    Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
    Head, Research Section
    Division of Agriculture
    Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development
    P.O. Box 267
    Tel: (686) 28096-28108-28080
    Fax: (686) 28121
    Email : agriculture@tskl.net.ki; Beenna_ti@yahoo.com

    Mr Frederick Muller
    Ministry of Resources & Development
    P.O. Box 1727
    Majuro 96960
    Marshall Islands
    Tel: (692) 6253206
    Fax: (692) 6257471
    Email: rndsec@ntamar.net

    Mr Herman Francisco
    Bureau of Agriculture
    Ministry of Resources & Development
    P.O. Box 460
    Koror 96940
    Tel: (680) 4881517
    Fax: (680) 4881725
    Email: bnrd@pnccwg.palaunet.com

    Ms Rosa Kambuou
    Principal Scientist PGR
    NARI Dry Lowlands Programme
    Laloki Agricultural Research Station
    P.O. Box 1828
    National Capital District
    Papua New Guinea
    Tel: (675) 3235511
    Fax: (675) 3234733
    Email: kambuou@global.net.pg

    Ms Laisene Samuelu
    Principal Crop Development Officer
    Crops Division
    Ministry of Agriculture, Forests, Fisheries & Meteorology
    P.O. Box 1874
    Tel: (685) 23416-20605
    Fax: (685) 20607-23996
    Email: lsamuelu@lesamoa.net

    Mr Jimi Saelea
    Director of Research
    Department of Agriculture and Livestock
    P.O. Box G13
    Solomon Islands
    Tel: (677) 27987

    Mr Tony Jansen
    Planting Materials Network
    Kastom Gaden Association
    Burns Creek, Honiara
    P.O. Box 742
    Solomon Islands
    Tel: (677) 39551
    Email: kastomgaden@solomon.com.sb

    Mr Finao Pole
    Head of Research
    Ministry of Agriculture & Forests
    P.O. Box 14
    Tel: (676) 23038
    Fax: (676) 24271
    Email: thaangana@hotmail.com

    Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
    Head of Research
    Department of Agriculture & Rural Development
    Private Mail Bag 040
    Port Vila
    Tel: (678) 22525
    Fax: (678) 25265
    Email: flehi@hotmail.com

    Other links

    Other CROP agencies
    Forum Secretariat
    University of the South Pacific

    Pacific biodiversity
    Biodiversity hotspots
    Breadfruit Institute
    Hawaiian native plants
    Intellectual property rights
    Nature Conservancy
    WWF South Pacific Program

    Other Pacific organizations
    Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific
    Micronesian Seminar
    Te Puna web directory

    Pacific news
    Cafe Pacific
    CocoNET Wireless
    Island Directory
    Pacific Islands News
    Pacific Islands Report
    Pacific Islands Travel
    Pacific Time
    South Pacific travel
    Time Pacific

    Interested in GIS?



    Sunday, March 06, 2005

    The perils of value-adding

    The following article from The Jakarta Post shows that although adding value to local products through processing can be a good idea, e.g. to promote local crops and varieties, it is not necessarily all that easy.

    Giant French retailer Carrefour chokes on fried banana

    Zakki P. Hakim and Fabiola Desy Unidjaja, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta

    Who would have thought that a Rp 5,000 (54 U.S. cents) fried banana could make the French retailing giant Carrefour come up against the government, legislators, a fair competition commission and the press?

    Carrefour -- the second largest retailer in the world with operations in 29 countries and global sales of 70.5 billion euro (US$91.65 billion) in 2003 -- is now under the spotlight as the authorities found it necessary to closely monitor a dispute between the hypermarket and a small supplier of fried banana and cassava chips over what is called a "listing fee".

    Susanto, chairman of the Association of Modern Market Suppliers (AP3MI), said the listing fee -- a significant sum suppliers have to pay to get their products on store shelves -- and other promotion-supporting fees had deterred small businesses to sell in the Carrefour chain.

    "That is why we have put a fight against Carrefour about the Rp 5,000 fried banana (firm) as the giant market is killing off smaller snack suppliers," he told The Jakarta Post over the weekend.

    The legal dispute began last October when Carrefour decided not to put two products supplied by PT Sariboga Snacks on displays, although the latter had paid a total listing fee of Rp 47.3 million to the hypermarket.

    Carrefour explanation was that the products, packaged fried banana and cassava chips, failed to meet the standard for display at the hypermarket chain.

    The supplier eventually went bankrupt and Sariboga demanded Carrefour pay the listing fee back, but the latter refused.

    The AP3MI, on behalf of Sariboga, then filed a complaint against the hypermarket to the Business Competition Supervisory Committee (KPPU) over allegations of unfair competition.

    However, Carrefour Indonesia president director Herv‚ Clec'h said separately that his chain had acted properly in the matter.

    Clec'h said: "The snack supplier (Sariboga) was not a manufacturer, but only packaging the products it obtained from smaller firms".

    Packaging firms depended on a small margin due to the small value they added to the products, thus Sariboga could not afford the listing fee, he said on Friday.

    Clec'h said the listing fee was a common practice in retailer-supplier business relationships globally and it was a subject to negotiations.

    The "listing fee" depended on the market position of the supplier. The less-known the brand or the less indispensable the product is, the higher the listing fee is.

    Since retailers like Carrefour naturally have a stronger position against suppliers, most of them had to pay big listing fees.

    "We have hundreds of other small-scale suppliers, but only one is having a problem (with the listing fee)," he said.

    However, in the case of big manufacturers such as Unilever and Nestl‚, as Clec'h admitted, Carrefour was in the weaker position. He said big consumer good companies usually did not pay listing fees as Carrefour need their products.

    Carrefour started the first hypermarket here in 1998, opening its first outlet in Kuningan, South Jakarta, and offering a range of about 50,000 products -- from electronics, screwdrivers, clothes, meat, fruits, vegetables, to fresh-from-the-oven pastries.

    Today, there are 15 Carrefour hypermarkets in the country, with total sales at Rp 3 trillion last year.

    Its success prompted other retailers such as Hero and Matahari to expand into the hypermarket business. Since then, five hypermarket operators opened 54 outlets in the Greater Jakarta alone.

    However, following this case, the House of Representatives and the government are promising to issue a presidential decree to better regulate the expansion of modern markets in the country.

    The issue has been widened into protection of the country's traditional markets from rapidly-growth modern markets, which have been blamed decreasing jobs in the retail sector.

    "The government has other urgent things to regulate, such as infrastructure and education. Distribution activities had been doing well. It should not become an urgent matter," Clec'h said.

    A case of snack dispute has now been escalating into a possible restriction for hypermarkets to expand their existing stores in the country.

    As Susanto put it: "This fried banana case made Carrefour to have an annoying toothache".

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