A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands
This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.
The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.
SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).
PAPGREN coordination and support
Mr William Wigmore
Mr Adelino S. Lorens
Dr Lois Englberger
Mr Apisai Ucuboi
Dr Maurice Wong
Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
Mr Frederick Muller
Mr Herman Francisco
Ms Rosa Kambuou
Ms Laisene Samuelu
Mr Jimi Saelea
Mr Tony Jansen
Mr Finao Pole
Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
Interested in GIS?
Wednesday, December 07, 2005
Posted 1:16 PM by Luigi
Food Survey in Pohnpei
From Lois Englberger: I would like to give you a preview of an article coming out today in the Kaselehlie Press. This was written by Amy Levendusky. The findings are the result of painstaking work in making quantified estimates of dietary intake, using one of the most widely used dietary assessment methods, the quantified 24-hour recall. To see the article in print with the accompanying photos, turn to the KP Health Corner! For those readers not familiar with Pohnpei, the site of this study (Mand) is a rural village about 1 hour from the main town of the island.
Survey Indicates High Consumption of Imported Foods
by Amy Levendusky
A dietary assessment carried out in August 2005, in Mand, Madolenihmw [a village on Pohnpei Island] revealed that only 27% of the energy consumed by the adult female participants was from local food, the rest provided by imports. Among children an even smaller proportion of the energy consumed was from local foods (16%).
These results are from a random sample survey, conducted as part of the project entitled "Documentation of the Traditional Food System of Pohnpei" sponsored by the Island Food Community of Pohnpei. Yumiko Paul, of Pohnpei Department of Health, Welsey Hagilmai, of COM/FSM Land Grant, and Pelihna Moses of Mand Community served as the interviewers, assisted by Douglas Nelber, Department of Land and Natural Resources. In collecting the data,
a 24-hour recall method was used (asking adult participants to recall each food/drink item consumed in the past 24 hours and the amount, and to provide this information as proxies for their children). Data from 44 adult women and 27 children (aged 1-10 years) were obtained for two non-consecutive days.
The survey revealed that rice and fish were the two food items most frequently consumed by the women, followed by flour products (donuts, pancakes, bread and ramen), chicken and other meats, and banana and breadfruit (this was in the heart of the breadfruit season). Vegetables and fruits were not commonly consumed.
The survey also revealed that 62% of the protein consumed by the women was from imported sources. The levels of protein were sufficient but were far over the estimated requirements. The mean intake of protein for non-lactating (not breastfeeding) females was 109 grams per day, but the estimated requirement is only 45 grams.
On the other hand, vitamin intakes were very low. This puts the women and children at risk to infection and other health problems. The mean intake for the non-lactating female adults was 225 Retinol Equivalents (RE) (vitamin A is expressed by the combination of retinol from animal sources and provitamin A carotenoid from plant sources), but the estimated requirement for that group is 500 RE! Almost none of the children met the estimated requirements. Also very few of the children met estimated requirements for vitamin C. Only 63% of the non-lactating females met the estimated vitamin C requirements, the lactating adults doing better, 83% of them meeting the estimated requirements.
IFCP would like to thank the Mand community for making this project possible. We would also like to thank our collaborating partners including the Pohnpei Office of Economic Affairs, COM/FSM Land Grant, Department of Health, Department of Land and Natural Resources. Thanks are also extended to the Office of Economic Affairs and the Secretary of the Pacific Community (SPC) Pacific German Regional Forestry Project (PGRFP) for providing transport to the village and to the Centre of Indigenous Peoples’ Nutrition and Environment (CINE), PGRFP, and Sight and Life for support funds and materials.
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