A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands
This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.
The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.
SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).
PAPGREN coordination and support
Mr William Wigmore
Mr Adelino S. Lorens
Dr Lois Englberger
Mr Apisai Ucuboi
Dr Maurice Wong
Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
Mr Frederick Muller
Mr Herman Francisco
Ms Rosa Kambuou
Ms Laisene Samuelu
Mr Jimi Saelea
Mr Tony Jansen
Mr Finao Pole
Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
Interested in GIS?
Thursday, December 07, 2006
Posted 2:22 PM by Luigi
Sustainable livelihoods in Makira
Terracircle Association, "an international development consultancy providing development aid services to communities and organisations in developing and developed countries," has partnered with Kastom Gaden Association, Solomon Islands, to conduct livelihoods assessments of remote communities on the weather coasts of Guadalcanal and Makira islands as part of an AusAID project. The Makira assessment has just been posted on the Terracircle website here. It is large (over 2MB) but well worth reading in full. Thanks to Grahame Jackson, who took part in the assessment, for alerting us to the publication. This is what the executive summary says about crops:
Cocoa is the main cash crop in most villages but yields are low. There is little knowledge of how to manage it properly and, consequently, losses from diseases — black pod, canker, root rots, pink disease and white thread — are high. Mostly, wet beans are sold as driers are uncommon. Women and youth tend the crop and sell the beans and they are keen to have training. An unusual feature of the Coast is the dominance of Cyrtosperma chamissonis, giant swamp taro or kakake as it is called on Makira and throughout Solomon Islands. Previously, it was a reserve food or restricted to ceremonial use, now it is common in all villages from Tawarogha to Wanahata. Banana is also important, as it is throughout the island, but taro and yam/pana are in decline. Taro has been decimated by alomae, a lethal virus disease, which has been brought to the island in infected planting material in the last 15 years or so. In some villages the disease is known as maehana hui. Yam/pana are little affected by pests and diseases but they no longer fit farming systems that are intensifying in response to population increase. There is growing interest in processing foods, in particular, making chips from bananas.
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Agrobiodiversity Weblog: For discussions of conservation and sustainable use of the genetic resources of crops, livestock and their wild relatives.