A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands
This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.
The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.
SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).
PAPGREN coordination and support
Mr William Wigmore
Mr Adelino S. Lorens
Dr Lois Englberger
Mr Apisai Ucuboi
Dr Maurice Wong
Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
Mr Frederick Muller
Mr Herman Francisco
Ms Rosa Kambuou
Ms Laisene Samuelu
Mr Jimi Saelea
Mr Tony Jansen
Mr Finao Pole
Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
Interested in GIS?
Wednesday, October 24, 2007
Posted 9:43 PM by Tevita
A Food-Based Approach Introducing Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potatoes Increased Vitamin A ntake and Serum Retinol Concentrations in Young Children in Rural Mozambique1–3
Jan W. Low,4,10* Mary Arimond,5 Nadia Osman,6 Benedito Cunguara,7 Filipe Zano,8 and David Tschirley9
4International Potato Centre, Nairobi, Kenya 00603; 5Food Consumption and Nutrition Division, International Food Policy Research
Institute, Washington, DC 20006; 6London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, London WC1E 7HT, England;
7Department of Policy Analysis, Ministry of Agriculture, Maputo, Mozambique; 8World Vision, Quelimane Mozambique;
and 9Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823
From : The Journal of Nutrition
Vitamin A deficiency is widespread and has severe consequences for young children in the developing world. Food-based approaches may be an appropriate and sustainable complement to supplementation programs. Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) is rich in b-carotene and is well accepted by young children. In an extremely resource poor area in Mozambique, the effectiveness of introduction of OFSP was assessed in an integrated agriculture and nutrition intervention, which aimed to increase vitamin A intake and serum retinol concentrations in young children. The 2-y quasiexperimental intervention study followed households and children (n ¼ 741; mean age 13 mo at baseline) through 2 agricultural cycles. In y 2, 90% of intervention households produced OFSP, and mean OFSP plot size in intervention areas increased from 33 to 359 m2. Intervention children (n ¼ 498) were more likely than control children (n ¼ 243) to eat OFSP 3 or more d in the last wk (55% vs. 8%, P , 0.001) and their vitamin A intakes were much higher than those of control children (median 426 vs. 56 mg retinol activity equivalent, P , 0.001). Controlling for infection/inflammation and other confounders, mean serum retinol increased by 0.100 mmol/L (SEM 0.024; P , 0.001) in intervention children and did not increase significantly in control subjects. Integrated promotion of OFSP can complement other approaches and contribute to increases in vitamin A intake and serum retinol concentrations in young children in rural Mozambique and similar areas in Sub-Saharan Africa.
J. Nutr. 137: 1320–1327, 2007.
* Comments:Post a Comment
Agrobiodiversity Weblog: For discussions of conservation and sustainable use of the genetic resources of crops, livestock and their wild relatives.