A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands
This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.
The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.
SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).
PAPGREN coordination and support
Mr William Wigmore
Mr Adelino S. Lorens
Dr Lois Englberger
Mr Apisai Ucuboi
Dr Maurice Wong
Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
Mr Frederick Muller
Mr Herman Francisco
Ms Rosa Kambuou
Ms Laisene Samuelu
Mr Jimi Saelea
Mr Tony Jansen
Mr Finao Pole
Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
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Tuesday, February 26, 2008
Posted 1:53 PM by Tevita
FIJI TO ACCEDE TO INTERNATIONAL TREATY ON PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
TUESDAY FEBRUARY 26TH 2008 NO:0301/CAB) FIJI TO ACCEDE TO INTERNATIONAL TREATY ON PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
Fiji will accede to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA).
Cabinet based this decision on a submission by the Minister for Lands, Mineral Resources and Environment, Mr Netani Sukanaivalu, on behalf of the Minister for Primary Industries, Mr Joketani Cokanasiga.
Mr Cokanasiga said that the ITPGRFA was negotiated in order to address the special problems associated with PGRFA (Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture).
“It was negotiated by 164 countries within the framework of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and its Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, was adopted by the FAO Conference in November 2001, and came into force on 29 June 2004.
“The new Treaty is in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity.
“The Treaty provides, in particular, for the establishment of a Multilateral System of access and benefit-sharing for plant genetic resources of the major crops of most importance for food security and on which countries are most interdependent.
“The objectives of the treaty are the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and the fair and equitable sharing benefits derived from their use, in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity for Sustainable agriculture and food security.”
Mr Sukanaivalu said that for PGRFA of these crops, access and benefit-sharing is on the basis of standard multilaterally-agreed terms and conditions, which thereby facilitates the continued exchange of PGRFA, and reduces individual transaction costs.
He said the continued exchange of PGRFA is important to food and agriculture in general and to the Pacific Island countries in particular.
“Many of the staple crops, on which Fiji’s food security depends, originated or have centres of diversity in other regions of the world, examples are taro in Southeast Asia, different species of yams in West and Central Africa and Southeast Asia, and cassava and sweet potato in South America.
“Even when diversity is very high in the Pacific Region (perhaps higher than anywhere else in the world), as for bananas, coconut and breadfruit, material from other regions often includes genetic diversity potentially useful to Fiji but are not found there.”
He said that continued access to PGRFA from other countries and regions is essential to ensure that crops can continue to be improved to achieve food security and that resistance can be found to new diseases or other environmental challenges, such as the recent Taro Leaf Blight experienced in Samoa.
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Email : email@example.com
WEBSITE : www.fiji.gov.fj
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