A blog maintained by Tevita Kete, PGR Officer
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji Islands
This weblog documents the activities of Pacific Agricultural Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN), along with other information on plant genetic resources (PGR) in the Pacific.
The myriad varieties found within cultivated plants are fundamental to the present and future productivity of agriculture. PAPGREN, which is coordinated by the Land Resources Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), helps Pacific countries and territories to conserve their crop genetic diversity sustainably, with technical assistance from the Bioversity International (BI) and support from NZAID and ACIAR.
SPC also hosts the Centre of Pacific Crops and Trees (CEPaCT). The CEPaCT maintains regional in vitro collections of crops important to the Pacific and carries out research on tissue culture technology. The CEPaCT Adviser is Dr Mary Taylor (MaryT@spc.int), the CEPaCT Curator is Ms Valerie Tuia (ValerieT@spc.int).
PAPGREN coordination and support
Mr William Wigmore
Mr Adelino S. Lorens
Dr Lois Englberger
Mr Apisai Ucuboi
Dr Maurice Wong
Mr Tianeti Beenna Ioane
Mr Frederick Muller
Mr Herman Francisco
Ms Rosa Kambuou
Ms Laisene Samuelu
Mr Jimi Saelea
Mr Tony Jansen
Mr Finao Pole
Mr Frazer Bule Lehi
Interested in GIS?
Tuesday, August 12, 2008
Posted 8:49 PM by Tevita
Breaking the Climate Deadlock
From : The Climate Group
• Biofuels have a potentially useful role in cutting emissions of greenhouse gases in the transport sector. They are one of the few technologies available that is compatible with existing vehicles.
• Biofuels alone cannot deliver a sustainable transport system. Technical and economic constraints limit the ability of biofuels to replace fossil fuels. They must be part of an integrated package of measures that stimulates a range of low carbon measures.
• Existing policy frameworks and targets for biofuels are sometimes based on scant evidence and may miss important opportunities to deliver greenhouse gas emission reductions. There is a real danger that a policy framework driven solely by supply targets will mean we become locked into inefficient biofuels supply chains that are potentially environmentally harmful.
• There is a huge range of biofuels and ways to produce them, each with different environmental, social and economic benefits. It is therefore not possible to make simple generalisations about their performance. However, there are real opportunities to develop biofuels that can deliver substantial greenhouse gas savings and wider environmental, social and economic benefits.
• International agreement is needed for methodologies for assessing sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions from biofuel supply chains.
However, policy frameworks must be flexible enough to accommodate current uncertainties in the data and areas where there is a lack of information, as well as developments in the technology.• Clear long term policies and incentives are needed that target the entire supply chain and that promote the development of biofuels that deliver the greatest environmental, social and economic benefit.
• Policies and incentives to promote biofuels need to promote those with the best sustainability performance. Policies designed to increase biofuel usage should include a mechanism to incentivise biofuels with the best greenhouse gas performance, while also reducing wider environmental harm and promoting sustainable development.
• Investment and funding of research and development is needed to accelerate the delivery of more efficient supply chains. Long term policy signals are needed for industry to encourage investment across the entire supply chain.
• Biofuels can play a useful role in reducing emissions from the transport sector. However they should not be treated as a “silver bullet” and should be part of broader transport policies that stimulate innovation in a whole range of technologies in order to decarbonise the transport sector.
• Internationally agreed sustainability criteria and certification schemes are needed to ensure that biofuels provide the greatest benefits to the environment and people, and maximise the opportunities to restore degraded land and protect watersheds. These sustainability criteria need to be given greater priority in international negotiations with a priority given to trade discussions in the World Trade Organisation.
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Agrobiodiversity Weblog: For discussions of conservation and sustainable use of the genetic resources of crops, livestock and their wild relatives.